Painting Japanese

Painting Japanese

Painting Japanese
with James Brown & Mark Hazell

James and Mark demonstrate how to paint Japanese infantry and tanks for Flames Of War.

Japanese Infantry Painting Guide
Painting Japanese
Download a PDF version of the Japanese Painting Guide here...

When I painted the Japanese miniatures you see in Rising Sun I used the above recommended colour and highlighted them as listed below. Some of these are mixes, but are simply just adding a lighter colour to the original base colour.

Highlight Colours
Basic Colour
Highlight Colour (some are mixes)
Helmet & Water Bottle.
Sherman Drab (321)
Firefly Green (348)
Soft cap, Summer Tunics,
Trousers & Puttees.
Comrade Khaki (326)
75% Comrade Khaki (326)
25% Crusader Sand (363)
Boots, Rifle Sling,
Belts & Ammo pouches.
Oxide Red (382)
Devil Red (381)
Bread Bag
Afrika Green (346)
75% Afrika Green (346)
25% Crusader Sand (363)
Rifle wood & Tool handles.
Motherland Earth (383)
Battlefield brown (324)
Water Bottle straps.
Military Khaki (327)
Worn Canvas (306)
Gun metal rifle barrel & fittings.
50% Black (300)
50% Dark Gunmetal (480)
Dark Gunmetal (480)
Other Uniform Details
Japanese tunics officially had coloured collar tabs to distinguish each branch of service (shown below), but they were usually removed when on campaign, leaving the collars blank. This leave you with the option to add them or not.
  Infantry (Red): Artillery Red (380)
  Cavalry (Green): Army Green (342)
  Artillery (Yellow): Cavalry Yellow (361)
  Engineers (Crimson): Artillery Red (380) + ¼ Infantry Blue (400)
  Armoured troops (Red): Artillery Red (380)
Painting Japanese
Manchukou Uniform
During the 1930s the Manchukou Army adopted a uniform similar to that of the Imperial Japanese Army. The uniforms were cut from the same Khaki cloth as the Japanese uniform. Equipment and weapons were much the same. Head gear was also similar with a Japanese style forage cap and the Japanese model 1930 helmet. Manchukou troops also were issued with peaked caps and fur hats for winter. The Manchukou Army cavalry at Nomonhan wore green collar tabs.
Painting Banner and Standards
The Japanese carried both simple banners featuring the red sun and their rising sun regimental standard into battle. Both present a great opportunity to really make you Japanese stand out on the battlefield.

A depicted in our painting guide figure on the previous page the banners were simple white fields with a large red sun in the centre. Often they were accompanied by Japanese characters running down the left and right of the red sun disc.
Painting Japanese Notes on the Japanese Regimental Standard
A Imperial Japanese Army regimental standard has the sun disc positioned in the centre of the rectangular standard (the Navy has it closer to the pole). It has 16 red rays, with 5 each spreading to the top and bottom of the standard and three each to the left and right.
The banners are usually attached to the soldier’s rifle. Both the Banners and Standards are made of wavy material, so like uniforms, they benefit from some shading and highlighting.
Painting The Basic White Of The Banner
1. I started with a base coat of Whitewash (307).

2. I then highlighted with a 50/50 mix of Whitewash (307) and White (301). You only need to leave the base coat show in the deepest recesses.

3. Finally I highlighted the flag with Whitewash (307) on the raised curves of the highest points.
Painting Japanese Painting Japanese Painting Japanese
Painting the Red Sun
Next, I painted the red sun disc. With the banners with was simply a red circle I painted freehand. However, you may like to cut out a small circle in some masking tape and place this in position before painting the red. This has the advantage of keeping the circles consistent across all your banners. This works for the large circle on the Regimental Standard as well.
4. Paint a red circle with Devil Red (381).

5. Highlight the waves and folds in the circle with Artillery Red (380).

6. Finally for the Regimental Standard we need to add the sun’s rays. The best method is to mark the positions where the rays go to around the edge of the standard. Once again, you could paint these free hand or use masking tape to mark the edges before painting the red as above.
Painting Japanese
Painting Japanese Painting Japanese
Japanese Vehicles
Before 1942 there was little standardisation in paint schemes for Imperial Japanese Army armour. Most vehicles were painted in a hard-edged camouflage scheme with distinctive yellow stripes. The exact colours and how they were applied remains a complicated and confusing subject. Descriptions and names of colours are not consistent between different sources.
The official instructions from the Imperial Japanese Army on how tanks were to be painted are quite well documented. But debate continues among the various researchers about how closely the instructions were actually followed. Official instructions called for vehicles to be painted in a khaki color (‘tsuchi kusa iro’) Comrade Khaki (326) or Panther Yellow (210), known to US intelligence as ‘Japanese Artillery Brown.’ Roughly 30% of the vehicle was painted in disruptive patterns of a dark mahogany brown or earth color (‘tsuchi iro’) Oxide Red (382).
Officially, it was recommended that green (‘kusa iro’)
(Army Green 342) should replace the khaki (‘tsuchi
kusa iro’) base colour in summer, or in southern areas.
In practice, though, green was often instead added as an
additional colour, in disruptive areas covering roughly 20%
of the vehicle’s surface. Areas of colour were sometimes
separated by thin black lines.

Painting Japanese Painting Japanese
Yellow wavy lines Cavalry Yellow (361) were applied in a rough cross shape when viewed from above, centred on the top of the vehicle. There is some dispute about the actual colour of these lines. Some researchers have theorised that it was actually a sandy, ‘dry grass’ colour Sicily Yellow (362), which was described as ‘yellow’ because that is how it looked in contrast with the darker camouflage colours. This is certainly a plausible hypothesis, because the lowcontrast result is more in keeping with camouflage theory at the time.
For the Battlefront studio models pictured in Rising Sun, I hedged my bets, painting some in the low-contrast scheme with Sicily Yellow (362) and some in the high-contrast pattern with the green included and bright yellow lines.
Painting Japanese Painting Japanese Painting Japanese
Painting Japanese Tank Star
Army vehicles usually had a small five-pointed brass star plaque on the front superstructure, the traditional symbol of the Imperial Japanese Army as granted to them by the Emperor Meiji. If you want to go to this level of detail, you can carefully paint this with a small detail brush.
Painting Japanese
Painting Japanese Vehicles
Everyone has their own way of painting, so whatever techniques you prefer to use are just fine, as long as you are happy with the result. Here is one suggested method which doesn’t take too long and gives a good-looking result.
Painting Japanese Tanks
James shows how to paint a Japanese Type 97 Chi-Ha tank from Rising Sun. He gives some tips on good ways to paint bright yellow and demonstrates how to do an oil-based pin wash.

Visit the Battlefront TV channel on YouTube here...

Step One
Undercoat the tank with black primer, then basecoat with Comrade Khaki (326) or 
Panther Yellow (210)
Step Two
Paint Oxide Red (382) patches of camouflage.

Painting Japanese Painting Japanese
Step Three
Paint Camuflage patches of Army Green (342),then give the entire tank another thin wash of Manstein Shade (490).

Step Four
Paint over the yellow patches with Comrade Khaki (326). Touch up the brown and green patches with Oxide Red (382) and Army Green (342), leaving black in the recesses.

Painting Japanese Painting Japanese
Step Five
Paint a thin line of Sicily Yellow (365), forming a rough cross pattern. Paint the tracks and Machine-gun Barrels Worn Rubber (302), wash with Manstein Shade (490), and drybrush with Dark Gunmetal (480).

Paint over tit yellow ochre cross with Cavalry Yellow (361). Add paint chipping with Dark Gunmetal (480), then drybrush Motherland Earth (383) and Comrade Khaki (326) over the tracks and bottom half of the hull to represent dust and dirt. Bradley shade (490) can be used to add rust streaks.

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Further Reading
Jowett, Philip. MAA 362 The Japanese Army 1931-45 (1), Osprey Publishing Ltd., 2002.

■ Millman, Nick. Japanese Armour Colours, A Primer, 1937-1945, 2012.

■ Zaloga, Steven J. NV 137 Japanese Tanks 1939-45, Osprey Publishing Ltd., 2007.